Rule Violations

WADA defines the following 11 Anti-Doping Rule Violations:

  1. Presence of a prohibited substance or its metabolites or markers in an Athlete’s sample
  2. Use or attempted use by an Athlete of a prohibited substance or a prohibited method
  3. Evading, refusing or failing to submit to sample collection
  4. Whereabouts failures (any combination of three missed tests and/or filing failures within a 12-month period by an Athlete)
  5. Tampering or attempted tampering with any part of doping control
  6. Possession of a prohibited substance or a prohibited method
  7. Trafficking or attempted trafficking in any prohibited substance or prohibited method
  8. Administration or Attempted Administration by an Athlete or Other Person to any Athlete In-Competition of any Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method, or Administration or Attempted Administration to any Athlete Out-of-Competition of any Prohibited Substance or any Prohibited Method that is Prohibited Out-of-Competition

  9. Complicity (assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, conspiring, covering up or any other type of intentional complicity involving an Anti-Doping Rule Violation)
  10. Prohibited Association
  11. Acts to discourage or retaliate against reporting to Authorities


Below is a summary of our ADRV process. It is for informational purposes only. For more information, see Chapter D: IBU Anti-Doping Rules of the Integrity Code.


The Biathlon Integrity Unit receives a report of an Adverse Analytical Finding (AAF) or other information which indicates a possible Anti-Doping Rules Violation ADRV


The Biathlon Integrity Unit reviews the report; checks it against any relevant documents e.g. Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE); and collects information from ADAMS


The Biathlon Integrity Unit sends a Notification Letter to the Athlete (or other Person) with the charge which may include a provisional suspension; and informs the IBU Secretary General


The Athlete (or other Person) is given the opportunity to answer the Notification Letter. They may request the opening of the B-sample, challenge the provisional suspension and either accept the charge or request a hearing


The Biathlon Integrity Unit will retain an External Legal Counsel to discuss whether to commence formal proceedings by submitting the Charge Letter with supporting evidence to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) Anti-Doping Division


The CAS Anti-Doping Division conducts the adjudication process, which may include a hearing, and announces a decision, which may be subject to appeal to the CAS Appeals Division


The Biathlon Integrity Unit immediately notifies all Persons with a right to appeal and provides them with a case file containing all relevant information

IBU Integrity Code

(includes anti-doping rules)

Download PDF File


Download PDF File

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